Stand Alone Solar Energy

Author: Oliver Style
Publisher: Oliver Style
ISBN: 9788461658114
Size: 19.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 14

What is a standalone photovoltaic system and how does it work? How many panels will I need to generate energy? What kind of batteries are going to work best? This self-contained book provides you with the tools to plan, size and install a standalone PV system, with numerous illustrations and worked examples to facilitate the learning process. You will be able to identify the components of an installation, select the most appropriate equipment, and design a low-power system, as well as learning about the installation, management and maintenance of off-grid systems to ensure they have a long working life.

Applications Of Solar Energy To Power Stand Alone Area And Street Lighting

Author: Joshua David Bollinger
Publisher:
ISBN: OCLC:173690692
Size: 18.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 51

"A stand-alone solar-powered street or area lighting system is designed and operated completely independent of the power grid. The equipment and maintenance costs associated with a stand-alone solar-powered system are compared with the cost of using electricity to run grid connected street lights. The project focused on the viability of using solar energy to power the lights in the area surrounding St. Louis, Missouri. The results had to be consistent to warrant converting new areas to independent solar powered lighting. A prototype system is constructed from equipment available on the market for the purpose of gathering data on different lighting sources. The prototype uses a 100W high pressure sodium lamp, 165W solar panel, a maximum power point tracker, an inverter, and lead acid gel batteries. The system has the design capability to last for four days of overcast skies and generate around 9500 lumens of brightness. The results are used to determine the size of the panel and the number of batteries required to guarantee that the lamp would work a preset number of days without failure. Real-life data collected by the prototype system and verified by computer simulations were used to evaluate the long-term performance of the system. An economic analysis is also performed to determine if the project is cost effective"--Abstract, leaf iii.

Stand Alone Solar Electric Systems

Author: Mark Hankins
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136531651
Size: 14.86 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 18

One of the best ways to get power to remote, off-grid locations, whether in developed or developing countries, is through the use of solar electric systems. This practical guide describes how to plan, design and install solar electric systems in a manner that is hands-on, graphic and technically complete. Highly illustrated chapters cover: solar energy basics components of solar electric systems (modules, batteries, regulators, inverters and appliances) installation practice on planning and servicing systems water pumping refrigeration village electrification. This is the must-have guide for electric technicians and designers, development workers, and anyone who wants to install their own off-grid system.

Wind And Solar Power Systems

Author: Mukund R. Patel
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420039924
Size: 15.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 28

The search for clean, renewable energy sources has yielded enormous growth and new developments in these technologies in a few short years, driving down costs and encouraging utilities in many nations, both developed and developing, to add and expand wind and solar power capacity. The first, best-selling edition of Wind and Solar Power Systems provided the most complete and modern treatment of renewable energy. This second edition continues the tradition by offering updated and expanded coverage of this growing field. The book begins with individual sections devoted to wind power and solar photovoltaic technologies, their engineering fundamentals, conversion characteristics, operational considerations to maximize output, and emerging trends. The discussion of wind power includes the theory of induction machine performance and operation as well as generator speed control, while the solar PV section includes array design, environmental variables, and sun-tracking methods. This edition includes two chapters devoted to new and specialized technologies. The third section explores large-scale energy storage technologies, overall electrical system performance, and total plant economy while the final section explores ancillary power systems derived from the sun. Focusing on the complete system rather than on a single component, Wind and Solar Power Systems: Design, Analysis, and Operation, Second Edition offers the most comprehensive reference to all aspects of modern renewable energy systems.

Solar Pv Off Grid Power

Author: Christopher Kinkaid
Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub
ISBN: 1500473375
Size: 13.50 MB
Format: PDF
View: 75

Solar energy is a formidable resource. Solar Electric Power systems, based on PV panels, make effective power supplies for your off-grid electricity needs. The sun distributes over 1,000 watts per square meter at peak, and is the natural power supply for life on Earth. The Sun, can also be your Power Supply.The best kept industrial secret, is that we don't need to burn fossil fuels for industrial power. Solar PV panels, true 21st century tools, can provide daily energy production which can be used directly, or stored for later use, on demand, to power your remote electric loads, onsite, with no pollution, or fuel costs.This eBook is written to be a resource in building your own Solar PV supply for remote Cameras, LED lighting systems, Communication, Sensors, and remote Cabin, and Home Power systems, with Solar PV Power system examples.The Solar Energy resource varies with time of day, season, and local climate. Solar PV panels, sized properly, produce reliable, and predictable energy production, despite daily variations, when calculated properly for each month.Tap into PV Panels to charge battery banks for reliable DC, and, with inverters, AC power on demand. Remote site power supplies, designed, and installed properly, offer real power for running a variety of electronic, motor, and large draw devices.Use this Book to match your Energy Load, with the Energy Production sized to match your electric loads for remote Solar PV Power. System examples range from 30 Watt Solar PV Power supplies for cameras, electronics, and sensors, to 4,000 Watt Home Power Systems.

Standalone Photovoltaic Pv Systems For Disaster Relief And Remote Areas

Author: Salahuddin Qazi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780128030417
Size: 19.42 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 83

Standalone Photovoltaic (PV) Systems for Disaster Relief and Remote Areas explores the increased demand for energy, including clean energy alternatives and the ways that solar energy is fast becoming a vital source for meeting peak demand, a solution for energy demand in disaster and remote areas, and a viable source to meet emerging energy security needs. The book provides a detailed overview of PV systems and applications for disaster and remote areas, and includes a guide on how to provide electricity during outages, along with important discussions on the need for increasing the resilience of the grid. The differences and requirements for standalone, mobile, and portable PV systems are discussed, along with how systems can be deployed, transported, and used in remote areas. In addition, the book discusses the use of solar PV systems to create environmentally friendly power systems for remote communities that can be operated independently, also comparing the costs, emissions, and practical applications of other technologies. Types of natural disasters, their effect on peoples’ lives, on world economy, impact on electric grid and costs of power outages Energy Needs in the aftermath of disasters and remote areas both in developed and developing Countries, including how PV systems can provide electricity affordably, with resilience and reducing grid impact by way of community solar and solar microgrid Detailed description of the types and components of standalone photovoltaic systems, modeling and simulation and performance analysis New initiatives, programs and case studies for providing solar-generated electricity to low-income people both in the United States and the developing world at low cost Examples of assembling one’s own PV module and dye-sensitized solar cells, results, databases and industry standards

Sun Tracking And Solar Renewable Energy Harvesting

Author: Gerro Prinsloo
Publisher: Gerro Prinsloo
ISBN:
Size: 16.25 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 62

Free to download eBook on Practical Solar Tracking Design, Solar Tracking, Sun Tracking, Sun Tracker, Solar Tracker, Follow Sun, Sun Position calculation (Azimuth, Elevation, Zenith), Sun following, Sunrise, Sunset, Moon-phase, Moonrise, Moonset calculators. In harnessing power from the sun through a solar tracker or solar tracking system, renewable energy system developers require automatic solar tracking software and solar position algorithms. On-axis sun tracking system such as the altitude-azimuth dual axis or multi-axis solar tracker systems use a sun tracking algorithm or ray tracing sensors or software to ensure the sun's passage through the sky is traced with high precision in automated solar tracker applications, right through summer solstice, solar equinox and winter solstice. Eco Friendly and Environmentally Sustainable Micro Combined Solar Heat and Power (m-CHP, m-CCHP, m-CHCP) with Microgrid Storage and Layered Smartgrid Control towards Supplying Off-Grid Rural Villages in developing BRICS countries such as Africa, India, China and Brazil. Off-grid rural villages and isolated islands areas require mCHP and trigeneration solar power plants and associated isolated smart microgrid solutions to serve the community energy needs. This article describes the development progress for such a system, also referred to as solar polygeneration. The system includes a sun tracker mechanism wherin a parabolic dish or lenses are guided by a light sensitive mechanique in a way that the solar receiver is always at right angle to the solar radiation. Solar thermal energy is then either converted into electrical energy through a free piston Stirling, or stored in a thermal storage container. The project includes the thermodynamic modeling of the plant in Matlab Simulink as well as the development of an intelligent control approach that includes smart microgrid distribution and optimization. The book includes aspects in the simulation and optimization of stand-alone hybrid renewable energy systems and co-generation in isolated or islanded microgrids. It focusses on the stepwise development of a hybrid solar driven micro combined cooling heating and power (mCCHP) compact trigeneration polygeneration and thermal energy storage (TES) system with intelligent weather prediction, weak-ahead scheduling (time horizon), and look-ahead dispatch on integrated smart microgrid distribution principles. The solar harvesting and solar thermodynamic system includes an automatic sun tracking platform based on a PLC controlled mechatronic sun tracking system that follows the sun progressing across the sky. An intelligent energy management and adaptive learning control optimization approach is proposed for autonomous off-grid remote power applications, both for thermodynamic optimization and smart micro-grid optimization for distributed energy resources (DER). The correct resolution of this load-following multi objective optimization problem is a complex task because of the high number and multi-dimensional variables, the cross-correlation and interdependency between the energy streams as well as the non-linearity in the performance of some of the system components. Exergy-based control approaches for smartgrid topologies are considered in terms of the intelligence behind the safe and reliable operation of a microgrid in an automated system that can manage energy flow in electrical as well as thermal energy systems. The standalone micro-grid solution would be suitable for a rural village, intelligent building, district energy system, campus power, shopping mall centre, isolated network, eco estate or remote island application setting where self-generation and decentralized energy system concepts play a role. Discrete digital simulation models for the thermodynamic and active demand side management systems with digital smartgrid control unit to optimize the system energy management is currently under development. Parametric simulation models for this trigeneration system (polygeneration, poligeneration, quadgeneration) are developed on the Matlab Simulink and TrnSys platforms. In terms of model predictive coding strategies, the automation controller will perform multi-objective cost optimization for energy management on a microgrid level by managing the generation and storage of electrical, heat and cooling energies in layers. Each layer has its own set of smart microgrid priorities associated with user demand side cycle predictions. Mixed Integer Linear Programming and Neural network algorithms are being modeled to perform Multi Objective Control optimization as potential optimization and adaptive learning techniques.