Recent Advances In Density Functional Methods

Author: Delano P Chong
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814499729
Size: 14.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 95

Of all the different areas in computational chemistry, density functional theory (DFT) enjoys the most rapid development. Even at the level of the local density approximation (LDA), which is computationally less demanding, DFT can usually provide better answers than Hartree-Fock formalism for large systems such as clusters and solids. For atoms and molecules, the results from DFT often rival those obtained by ab initio quantum chemistry, partly because larger basis sets can be used. Such encouraging results have in turn stimulated workers to further investigate the formal theory as well as the computational methodology of DFT. This volume contains ten contributions from active workers in DFT, covering topics from basic principles to methodology to applications. In the Foreword, Prof Walter Kohn gives his perspective on the recent advances in DFT. Because DFT is being developed in so many different directions, no single volume can provide a complete review of DFT. However, this volume will help both beginners and experimentalists to read the growing DFT literature more easily. Contents:Foreword (W Kohn)Exact Relations for the Electron Density and Energy Functionals (Á Nagy)Correlation in Molecules (S Suba & M A Whitehead)Reinterpretation of Electron Correlations within Density Functional Theory: Hartree, Local Density and Gradient Expansion Approximations via the Work Formalism of Electronic Structure (V Sahni)Beyond the Kohn–Sham Determinant (A Savin)Time-Dependent Density Functional Response Theory for Molecules (M E Casida)Evaluation and Application of Corrected Effective Medium Methods (A E DePristo)Infrared Spectra of Binding Energies of Transition Metal–Monoligand Complexes (R Fournier & I Pápai)Structure, Magnetic Properties and Reactivities of Open-Shell Species from Density Functional and Self-Consistent Hybrid Methods (V Barone)Gaussian Density Functional Method: An Alternative Tool for the Prediction of Physico-Chemical Properties (N Russo et al.)The Electron Density as Calculated from Density Functional Theory (R J Boyd et al.) Readership: Researchers and graduate students in computational chemistry and computational physics. keywords:Density-Functional;DFT;Quantum Chemistry;Computational Chemistry;Kohn-Sham;Electron Density;Continuum Dielectric;Self-Interaction;Exchange-Correlation;Time-Dependent Response “… very useful when quantum chemists use the density functional method.” Suehiro Iwata Okazaki National Research Institute, Japan “Overall, the quality of the chapters is very high … it will help both beginners and experimentalists (as well as DFT experts) to read the growing DFT literature more easily.” Theoretical Chemistry Accounts “… this volume will help both beginners and experimentalists to read the growing DFT literature more easily.” Mathematics Abstracts

Density Functional Theory In Quantum Chemistry

Author: Takao Tsuneda
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9784431548256
Size: 20.10 MB
Format: PDF
View: 35

In this book, density functional theory (DFT) is introduced within the overall context of quantum chemistry. DFT has become the most frequently used theory in quantum chemistry calculations. However, thus far, there has been no book on the fundamentals of DFT that uses the terminology and methodology of quantum chemistry, which is familiar to many chemists, including experimentalists. This book first reviews the basic concepts and historical background of quantum chemistry and then explains those of DFT, showing how the latter fits into the bigger picture. Recent interesting topics of DFT in chemistry are also targeted. In particular, the physical meanings of state-of-the-art exchange-correlation functionals and their corrections are described in detail. Owing to its unconventionality, this book is certain to be of great interest not only to chemists but also to solid state physicists.

Modern Density Functional Theory A Tool For Chemistry

Author: P. Politzer
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080536700
Size: 16.87 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 63

Density Functional Theory (DFT) is currently receiving a great deal of attention as chemists come to realize its important role as a tool for chemistry. This book covers the theoretical principles of DFT, and details its application to several contemporary problems. All current techniques are covered, many are critically assessed, and some proposals for the future are reviewed. The book demonstrates that DFT is a practical solution to the problems standard ab initio methods have with chemical accuracy. The book is aimed at both the theoretical chemist and the experimentalist who want to relate their experiments to the governing theory. It will prove a useful and enduring reference work.

Density Functional Theory

Author: David Sholl
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118211045
Size: 15.13 MB
Format: PDF
View: 36

Demonstrates how anyone in math, science, and engineering can master DFT calculations Density functional theory (DFT) is one of the most frequently used computational tools for studying and predicting the properties of isolated molecules, bulk solids, and material interfaces, including surfaces. Although the theoretical underpinnings of DFT are quite complicated, this book demonstrates that the basic concepts underlying the calculations are simple enough to be understood by anyone with a background in chemistry, physics, engineering, or mathematics. The authors show how the widespread availability of powerful DFT codes makes it possible for students and researchers to apply this important computational technique to a broad range of fundamental and applied problems. Density Functional Theory: A Practical Introduction offers a concise, easy-to-follow introduction to the key concepts and practical applications of DFT, focusing on plane-wave DFT. The authors have many years of experience introducing DFT to students from a variety of backgrounds. The book therefore offers several features that have proven to be helpful in enabling students to master the subject, including: Problem sets in each chapter that give readers the opportunity to test their knowledge by performing their own calculations Worked examples that demonstrate how DFT calculations are used to solve real-world problems Further readings listed in each chapter enabling readers to investigate specific topics in greater depth This text is written at a level suitable for individuals from a variety of scientific, mathematical, and engineering backgrounds. No previous experience working with DFT calculations is needed.

Non Linear Optical Properties Of Matter

Author: Manthos G. Papadopoulos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402048500
Size: 14.37 MB
Format: PDF
View: 76

This book assembles both theory and application in this field, to interest experimentalists and theoreticians alike. Part 1 is concerned with the theory and computing of non-linear optical (NLO) properties while Part 2 reviews the latest developments in experimentation. This book will be invaluable to researchers and students in academia and industry, particularlrly to anyone involved in materials science, theoretical and computational chemistry, chemical physics, and molecular physics.

Fundamentals Of Time Dependent Density Functional Theory

Author: Miguel A.L. Marques
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642235177
Size: 10.16 MB
Format: PDF
View: 84

There have been many significant advances in time-dependent density functional theory over recent years, both in enlightening the fundamental theoretical basis of the theory, as well as in computational algorithms and applications. This book, as successor to the highly successful volume Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory (Lect. Notes Phys. 706, 2006) brings together for the first time all recent developments in a systematic and coherent way. First, a thorough pedagogical presentation of the fundamental theory is given, clarifying aspects of the original proofs and theorems, as well as presenting fresh developments that extend the theory into new realms—such as alternative proofs of the original Runge-Gross theorem, open quantum systems, and dispersion forces to name but a few. Next, all of the basic concepts are introduced sequentially and building in complexity, eventually reaching the level of open problems of interest. Contemporary applications of the theory are discussed, from real-time coupled-electron-ion dynamics, to excited-state dynamics and molecular transport. Last but not least, the authors introduce and review recent advances in computational implementation, including massively parallel architectures and graphical processing units. Special care has been taken in editing this volume as a multi-author textbook, following a coherent line of thought, and making all the relevant connections between chapters and concepts consistent throughout. As such it will prove to be the text of reference in this field, both for beginners as well as expert researchers and lecturers teaching advanced quantum mechanical methods to model complex physical systems, from molecules to nanostructures, from biocomplexes to surfaces, solids and liquids. From the reviews of LNP 706: “This is a well structured text, with a common set of notations and a single comprehensive and up-to-date list of references, rather than just a compilation of research articles. Because of its clear organization, the book can be used by novices (basic knowledge of ground-state DFT is assumed) and experienced users of TD-DFT, as well as developers in the field.” (Anna I. Krylov, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 129 (21), 2007) “This book is a treasure of knowledge and I highly recommend it. Although it is a compilation of chapters written by many different leading researchers involved in development and application of TDDFT, the contributors have taken great care to make sure the book is pedagogically sound and the chapters complement each other [...]. It is highly accessible to any graduate student of chemistry or physics with a solid grounding in many-particle quantum mechanics, wishing to understand both the fundamental theory as well as the exponentially growing number of applications. [...] In any case, no matter what your background is, it is a must-read and an excellent reference to have on your shelf.” Amazon.com, October 15, 2008, David Tempel (Cambridge, MA)