But Why Does It Work

Author: Susan Jo Russell
Publisher: Heinemann Educational Books
ISBN: 032508114X
Size: 15.32 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 16

If you ask students, "Why does that work?" do they know what you're asking and do you know what to listen for in their responses? Do you have images of what mathematical argument looks like in the elementary grades and how to help students learn to engage in this important practice? Do you have so much content to cover that finding time for this kind of work is difficult? But Why Does It Work? offers a simple, efficient teaching model focused on mathematical argument for developing the ability of students to justify their thinking and engage with the reasoning of others. Designed for individuals as well as study groups, this book includes access to classroom-ready instructional sequences, each built on a model supporting students in: noticing relationships across sets of problems, equations, or expressions articulating a claim about what they notice investigating their claim through representations such as manipulatives, diagrams, or story contexts using their representations to demonstrate why a claim must be true or not extending their thinking from one operation to another. Establishing a classroom culture where students gain confidence in their own mathematical voice and learn to value the contributions of their peers is a critical part of this work. The authors tell us, "If the idea underlying a student's reasoning is not made explicit, the opportunity for all students to engage in such thinking is lost." As students become a true community of mathematicians, they heighten each other's understanding by investigating questions, conjectures, and examples together. Enhanced with extensive video showing the instructional sequences in action-along with guiding focus questions and math investigations-But Why Does It Work? is a flexible approach that will help students confidently articulate and defend their reasoning, and share their deep thinking with others.

Proving In The Elementary Mathematics Classroom

Author: Andreas J. Stylianides
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198723066
Size: 10.37 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 83

Although proving is core to mathematics as a sense-making activity, it currently has a marginal place in elementary classrooms internationally. Blending research with practical perspectives, this book addresses what it would take to elevate the place of proving at elementary school. The book uses classroom episodes from two countries to examine different kinds of proving tasks and the proving activity they can generate in the elementary classroom. It examines further the role of teachers in mediating the relationship between proving tasks and proving activity, including major mathematical and pedagogical issues that arise for teachers as they implement each kind of proving task. In addition to its contribution to research knowledge, the book has important implications for teaching, curricular resources, and teacher education.

Realizing Rigor In The Mathematics Classroom

Author: Ted H. Hull
Publisher: Corwin Press
ISBN: 9781483358772
Size: 17.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 14

Rigor put within reach! Rigor: The Common Core has made it policy—and this first-of-its-kind guide takes math teachers and leaders through the process of making it reality. Using the Proficiency Matrix as a framework, the authors offer proven strategies and practical tools for successful implementation of the CCSS mathematical practices—with rigor as a central objective. You’ll learn how to Define rigor in the context of each mathematical practice Identify and overcome potential issues, including differentiating instruction and using data Relate specific roles and goals for all stakeholders Use assessment tools to guide work and monitor progress

Connecting Arithmetic To Algebra

Author: Susan Jo Russell
Publisher: Heinemann Educational Books
ISBN: 0325041911
Size: 10.83 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 60

"To truly engage in mathematics is to become curious and intrigued about regularities and patterns, then describe and explain them. A focus on the behavior of the operations allows students starting in the familiar territory of number and computation to progress to true engagement in the discipline of mathematics." -Susan Jo Russell, Deborah Schifter, and Virginia Bastable Algebra readiness: it's a topic of concern that seems to pervade every school district. How can we better prepare elementary students for algebra? More importantly, how can we help all children, not just those who excel in math, become ready for later instruction? The answer lies not in additional content, but in developing a way of thinking about the mathematics that underlies both arithmetic and algebra. Connecting Arithmetic to Algebra invites readers to learn about a crucial component of algebraic thinking: investigating the behavior of the operations. Nationally-known math educators Susan Jo Russell, Deborah Schifter, and Virginia Bastable and a group of collaborating teachers describe how elementary teachers can shape their instruction so that students learn to: *notice and describe consistencies across problems *articulate generalizations about the behavior of the operations *develop mathematical arguments based on representations to explain why such generalizations are or are not true. Through such work, students become familiar with properties and general rules that underlie computational strategies-including those that form the basis of strategies used in algebra-strengthening their understanding of grade-level content and at the same time preparing them for future studies. Each chapter is illustrated by lively episodes drawn from the classrooms of collaborating teachers in a wide range of settings. These provide examples of posing problems, engaging students in productive discussion, using representations to develop mathematical arguments, and supporting both students with a wide range of learning profiles. PLCs and book-study groups! Save $47.25 when you purchase 15 copies with the Book Study Bundle. Staff Developers: Available online, the Course Facilitator's Guide provides math leaders with tools and resources for implementing a Connecting Arithmetic to Algebra workshop or preservice course. For information on the PD course offered through Mount Holyoke College, download the flyer.

Elementary Mathematics Is Anything But Elementary Content And Methods From A Developmental Perspective

Author: Damon Bahr
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9780618928170
Size: 12.27 MB
Format: PDF
View: 85

Inspiring, empowering, and preparing preservice teachers for today’’s classroom, ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS IS ANYTHING BUT ELEMENTARY: CONTENT AND METHODS FROM A DEVELOPMENTAL PERSPECTIVE is a comprehensive program that delivers both a content and a methods text. Serving as a professional development guide for both pre-service and in-service teachers, this text’’s integrated coverage helps dissolve the line between content and methods—and consequently bolsters teachers’’ confidence in their delivery of math instruction. A strong emphasis on the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics five core standards provides key information common to most state curricula relative to NCTM standards for pre-K through sixth grade. In addition, text content is based on thorough elementary mathematical scope and sequences that have been shown to be an effective means for guiding the delivery of curriculum and instruction. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Beyond Answers

Author: Mike Flynn
Publisher: Stenhouse Publishers
ISBN: 9781571109026
Size: 18.59 MB
Format: PDF
View: 97

The Standards for Mathematical Practice are written in clear, concise language. Even so, to interpret them and visualize what they mean for your teaching practice isn't always easy. In this practical, easy-to-read book, Mike Flynn provides teachers with a clear and deep sense of these standards and shares ideas on how best to implement them in K-2 classrooms. Each chapter is dedicated to a different practice. Using examples from his own teaching and vignettes from many other K-2 teachers, Mike does the following: Invites you to break the cycle of teaching math procedurally Demonstrates what it means for children to understand--not just do--math Explores what it looks like when young children embrace the important behaviors espoused by the practices The book's extensive collection of stories from K-2 classroom provides readers with glimpses of classroom dialogue, teacher reflections, and examples of student work. Focus questions at the beginning of each vignette help you analyze the examples and encourage further reflection. Beyond Answers is a wonderful resource that can be used by individual teachers, study groups, professional development staff, and in math methods courses.