Biomechanics

Author: Manuel Doblare
Publisher: EOLSS Publications
ISBN: 9781780210230
Size: 18.89 MB
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Biomechanics is a component of Encyclopedia of Physical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The enormous progress in the field of health sciences that has been achieved in the 19th and 20th centuries would have not been possible without the enabling interaction and support of sophisticated technologies that progressively gave rise to a new interdisciplinary field named alternatively as bioengineering or biomedical engineering. Although both terms are synonymous, the latter is less general since it limits the field of application to medicine and clinical practice, while the former covers semantically the whole field of interaction between life sciences and engineering, thus including also applications in biology, biochemistry or the many '-omics'. We use in this book the second, with more general meaning, recalling the very important relation between fundamental science and engineering. And this also recognizes the tremendous economic and social impacts of direct application of engineering in medicine that maintains the health industry as one with the fastest growth in the world economy. Biomechanics, in particular, aims to explain and predict the mechanics of the different components of living beings, from molecules to organisms as well as to design, manufacture and use of any artificial device that interacts with the mechanics of living beings. It helps, therefore, to understand how living systems move, to characterize the interaction between forces and deformation along all spatial scales, to analyze the interaction between structural behavior and microstructure, with the very important particularity of dealing with adaptive systems, able to adapt their internal structure, size and geometry to the particular mechanical environment in which they develop their activity, to understand and predict alterations in the mechanical function due to injuries, diseases or pathologies and, finally, to propose methods of artificial intervention for functional diagnosis or recovery. Biomechanics is today a very highly interdisciplinary subject that attracts the attention of engineers, mathematicians, physicists, chemists, material specialists, biologists, medical doctors, etc. They work in many different topics from a purely scientific objective to industrial applications and with an increasing arsenal of sophisticated modeling and experimental tools but always with the final objectives of better understanding the fundamentals of life and improve the quality of life of human beings. One purpose in this volume has been to present an overview of some of these many possible subjects in a self-contained way for a general audience. This volume is aimed at the following major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, and Research Personnel.

Principles Of Mechanics And Biomechanics

Author: Frank Bell
Publisher: Nelson Thornes
ISBN: 0748733329
Size: 13.11 MB
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This book presents the essential core of these subjects with an imaginative approach and within the context of clinical practice. It covers the principles of statics and dynamics, principles of machines, structure and materials, and fluid mechanics, without requiring prior knowledge of high-level mathematics.

Biomechanics

Author: Ghias Kharmanda
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781786300256
Size: 20.16 MB
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In this book, the authors present in detail several recent methodologies and algorithms that they developed during the last fifteen years. The deterministic methods account for uncertainties through empirical safety factors, which implies that the actual uncertainties in materials, geometry and loading are not truly considered. This problem becomes much more complicated when considering biomechanical applications where a number of uncertainties are encountered in the design of prosthesis systems. This book implements improved numerical strategies and algorithms that can be applied to biomechanical studies.

The Biomechanics Of Back Pain

Author: Michael Anthony Adams
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780443100680
Size: 20.71 MB
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This practical text, written by four key researchers in the field, offers an effective approach to the management and treatment of back pain based on applications of biomechanics. By linking the clinical anatomy of the spine to biomechanics principles, it provides a bridge between anatomy and practical applications. This highly illustrated, up-to-date book is essential reading for anyone involved in the care and treatment of patients with back pain, as well as for those studying its causes and methods of prevention. Addresses the important and prevalent problem of back pain thoroughly from a unique biomechanics perspective. Written especially for practitioners, the book presents information in a way that is relevant to therapists who treat patients with back pain. Authored by four of the leading researchers in the field from different professional backgrounds, the book comprehensively examines back pain from diverse perspectives. Provides an understanding of back mechanics that is necessary in order to form an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. Six new chapters are included: Growth and Aging of the Lumbar Spine; Spinal Degeneration; Biomechanics of Spinal Surgery; Surgery for Disc Prolapse; Spinal Stenosis and Back Pain; and Conservative Management of Back Pain. Expanded sections on spinal growth and aging provide additional comprehensive information on this important topic. Includes additional and updated information on the interpretation and explanation of spine research literature. An expanded color plate section with 23 new black-and-white photographs and 21 new line drawings illustrate the content clearly.

Biomechanics

Author: Y. C. Fung
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781475722574
Size: 14.16 MB
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The objective of this book remains the same as that stated in the first edition: to present a comprehensive perspective of biomechanics from the stand point of bioengineering, physiology, and medical science, and to develop mechanics through a sequence of problems and examples. My three-volume set of Bio mechanics has been completed. They are entitled: Biomechanics: Mechanical Properties of Living Tissues; Biodynamics: Circulation; and Biomechanics: Motion, Flow, Stress, and Growth; and this is the first volume. The mechanics prerequisite for all three volumes remains at the level of my book A First Course in Continuum Mechanics (3rd edition, Prentice-Hall, Inc. , 1993). In the decade of the 1980s the field of Biomechanics expanded tremen dously. New advances have been made in all fronts. Those that affect the basic understanding of the mechanical properties of living tissues are described in detail in this revision. The references are brought up to date.

Biomechanics

Author: Cees Oomens
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139476513
Size: 13.85 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This is the first textbook to integrates both general and specific topics, theoretical background and biomedical engineering applications, as well as analytical and numerical approaches. This quantitative approach integrates the classical concepts of mechanics and computational modelling techniques, in a logical progression through a wide range of fundamental biomechanics principles. Online MATLAB-based software along with examples and problems using biomedical applications will motivate undergraduate biomedical engineering students to practise and test their skills. The book covers topics such as kinematics, equilibrium, stresses and strains, and also focuses on large deformations and rotations and non-linear constitutive equations, including visco-elastic behaviour and the behaviour of long slender fibre-like structures. This is the definitive textbook for students.

Basic Orthopaedic Biomechanics Mechano Biology

Author: Van C. Mow
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 0781739330
Size: 11.23 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Biomaterials / Ahmed El-Ghannam and Paul Ducheyne -- Biomechanics of the spine / Ian A. F. Stokes and James C. Iatridis -- Biomechanics of fracture fixation and fracture healing / Lutz E. Claes and Keita Ito -- Biomechanics and preclinical testing of artificial joints: the hip / Rik Huiskes and Jan Stolk -- Biomechanics of total knee replacement designs / Peter S. Walker.